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Treating the spine in dogs




In second place among diseases of the musculoskeletal system after diseases of the limbs in four-legged friends are diseases associated with the spine. It is often diagnosed with disc protrusion, osteophytes, spinal hernia, and spondylosis. The main method of diagnosis is X-rays with a contrast material. Pathology treatment includes the use of conservative and surgical techniques.


Main spine diseases in diseases and symptoms


Diseases of the spine in home diseases are most often destroyed by the cartilaginous structures of the discs. The disorder leads to spinal space narrowing and disc mineralization. In veterinary practice, specialists often have to deal with diseases such as disc protrusion, osteogenesis, and spinal hernia.


Disc protrusion


The destructive processes in the cartilage tissue of the edges of animals are often accompanied by the protrusion of structures within the vertebrae outside the disc without disturbing the integrity of the fibrous annulus. Experts consider this disease to be the initial stage of the development of a vertebral hernia. With timely detection of the disease and proper treatment, the process can be slowed down significantly.


Resentment in the form of a bump is characterized by pain sensations at the place of localization of pathology, hardening of the pet's movement. The dog avoids active games, runs slightly, and makes jumps reluctantly. In the case of localization of pathology in the cervical department, it is difficult for the animal to tilt its head down when eating.


A sick dog suffers from a lameness. In diseases of the cervical and thoracic department, the dog limps on the front limbs, while the protrusion of the sacro-lumbar section - on the hind limbs. Often times the owner can notice that the dog is walking slowly with a low tail.

Spondylolysis, curvature of the spine, and osteoporosis usually accompany protruding discs.


Osteophytes


Often destructive processes in the spine are accompanied by the formation of bony or bony protrusions on their structures. The formations develop due to instability of the vertebrae, as a prosthetic mechanism for strengthening the damaged cartilage joint.


In veterinary practice, bony plants are often observed throughout the spine. In this case, we are talking about a malformation of spondylitis. Single osteoclasts were observed in the chest area. Often the cause of the development of bony spurs is injuries, congenital anomalies and infectious diseases. Osteoporosis formation is possible as a complication after surgery.


The spine diagram is normal and with osteophytes.


If the bones grow to larger sizes, it can greatly affect the spinal cord. Bone spurs are clinically manifested by a decrease in the animal's flexibility, restriction of spinal movement, and the perception of pain.


Spondylosis


Osteophytes, they grow, cause the spinal canal to narrow, lead to the defeat of the longitudinal ligament, and contribute to the fusion of the vertebral bodies. This disease is called spondylolysis. The disease develops gradually and often begins to bother the shaggy pet after 7-8 years of age. In athletic individuals, the aging process of the vertebrae can occur at an early age.


Negative factors such as excessive pregnancy, posture disorder (posterior bending), injury, bump damage, and hypothermia can lead to disease.

Veterinary experts note the genetic predisposition. According to experienced dog breeders and dog doctors, Boxers and related breeds are more likely to deform spondylosis.


In spondylosis, bony spurs often grow to a size that resembles bony structures. The spine section involved in the pathological process loses flexibility, mobility and deformities. These phenomena are accompanied by rigidity of movements. The dog avoids going down stairs and jumping.


An attentive owner may notice that the dog has difficulty getting up and lying. In neglected cases there is deformity of the chest and spine. Touching the back causes an adverse reaction in a sick dog.


Spondylosis is not curable. But medical and physical therapy to some extent ease the course of the disease and stop its progression.


hernia


A vertebral hernia is a serious lesion of the spine. Disc protrusion is usually preceded by morbidity. Hernia ruptures the fibrous annulus and penetrates the cartilage structure into the spinal space. Pathology often accompanies spinal cord compression.


The following strains of the disease are affected by the disease: Dachshunds, French Bulldogs, Spanish Terriers, and Corgis. Large breeds rarely suffer from discopathy. The risk group includes pets under the age of 7.


Intervertebral hernia is the most destructive lesion of the spine, and it develops gradually. Clinical signs usually appear when a malformed tablet is inserted into the spinal canal. Neurological manifestations are noted in the advanced stages.


Methods for diagnosing the condition of the dog's spine


A veterinarian with experience in the defeat of the spine will doubt clinical signs and neurological test results. However, it is possible to make an accurate diagnosis using special diagnostic methods. First of all, the pet is assigned an x-ray examination.


X-rays can reveal the presence and localization of osteophytes. The research method allows to suspect indirect signs of a vertebral hernia: narrowing of the spinal canal, mineralization of vertebral structures.


An myogram is performed for a detailed study. The animal is injected with a special contrast material and x-rays are taken. The method allows to determine the localization of the hernia, to identify protrusions, to assess a spinal cord injury.


Modern veterinary clinics have a wide arsenal of diagnostics, including magnetic resonance imaging. The method allows to more accurately reflect the degree of morbidity and determine the localization of pathology.


Differential diagnosis is made for a variety of spinal injuries, tumors, and myopathies.


Treating spine diseases in th


Veterinary medicine has both conservative and surgical methods of treating a sick spine in four-legged friends. The goal of conservative treatment is primarily effective anesthesia, which reduces the inflammatory response in the pathological burner.


In the initial stages of degenerative processes, the use of corticosteroid drugs: prednisolone, dexamethasone, meteprida is effective. Dosage and course duration are set by a veterinarian in each case.


Anesthetics are used to stop the pain syndrome: Meloxykam, Remadil, Tramadol. Appointment of conductive novocaine blockade is also effective.

Many experts note the positive effect of using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as Morialaxant, such as diazepam. In addition to pharmacotherapy, surgical treatments are also used in veterinary practice. Therefore, with the help of a scalpel the animal gets rid of osteophytes. A highly qualified doctor performs spinal surgery with removal of hernia damage. In some cases, implants are used to replace damaged vertebrae.


Prevention of spine problems in diseases

The following recommendations from veterinary specialists will help prevent the occurrence of discopaths of various nature in disheveled pets:


The supportive corset maintains the animal's normal physiological body weight. Obesity contributes to the load on the spine and limbs.

Prevention of injuries and injuries.

Moderation of physical activity.

Feed your pet from special dishes on stand. Correct position of the plates prevents the dog's mountain range from sagging.

Using a harness while walking reduces the load on the cervical spine.

Responsible nutrition, rich in vitamins, amino acids and minerals reduces the risk of gastric processes in cartilage tissues.


conclusion

The diseases of the spine in the are the most diverse - from protrusion and overgrowth of osteophytes to the development of a vertebral hernia. The main method of diagnosis is X-ray examination of the spine, myeloid, magnetic resonance imaging. In addition to conservative treatment, in modern veterinary medicine used and surgical methods to get rid of problems in pets.