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A Guide to the English Springer Spaniel Breed

 The history of the dynasty

The English Springer Spaniel was bred specifically for hunting birds, and it retains these traits to this day. In general, the spaniel is a rather ancient breed, which was very popular in medieval Europe. Especially in England, Spain and France, although other countries did not lag behind either. The aristocracy was very fond of this for its wonderful personality, aesthetic appearance and its ability to hunt.

The Spanish have been mentioned in Welsh law since AD ​​300. So – judge for yourself how long they have been working with people. The Dogs, very reminiscent of current Spanish-English Springer, is depicted in artwork from the 16th and 17th centuries.

Even before the invention of firearms, the Spaniard was used to bring birds out of bushes and forests, into an open area where hunters were waiting for them. Hunting with attached nets, as well as bows and arrows, were used to hunt birds and small animals. After the invention of firearms slightly changed the principles of hunting, however, here spaniels showed themselves in the best possible way.

Interestingly, a single litter during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in England was classified by hunting use, not by breed. The smaller ones were used to hunt woodcock – roosters were called spaniels. Puppies larger than the litter itself were called Springers, and were used, among other things, for some hunting games.

But that all changed in 1902. The Kennel Club of England assigned a separate position in its breeding book to the English Springer Spaniel and ranked them separately on display a year later – in 1903. In this exhibition, the famous dog breeder and judge Mr. William Arkwright presented his assessment .

And the dog’s challenge certificate went to co-owner Will Beechgrove, which belongs to Mr. Winton Smith, as well as the named Harry Jones. In 1906, Will Beichgrove became the first champion of the dynasty. Until the late thirties, early forties of the twentieth century, there was no division into field and cross-section, however, this division gradually emerged.

The field has a sense of smell, speed, stamina and the ability to work, moreover – today the field and gallery of the do not cross. Both types have a hunting instinct and can work alongside a hunter, but very few English Springer spaniels can show excellent results both on the field and on the show. He was the last two-time champion (champion in field and formation competitions) named Green Valley Punch in 1938.


Description of the breed

This is a relatively young, strong physique. They have a square snout with a slightly swollen front, and the ears hang on either side of the head. The limbs are medium, the tail is usually domed. The fur is of medium length, straight or slightly wavy. The color is black and white or brown white.


Breed personality

The English Springer spaniel is always very human-oriented, showing great love and affection in his family circle. This breed is strongly associated with its owners, and since in principle it feels great love for people, it is not a single owner. She does not choose a particular person for love, and only loves the loved ones with whom she grows day after day.

By the way, precisely because of the great affection, this AL is not recommended to be left alone for a long time, and to be left alone during the day, when the whole family or at work, or at school (from where). The dog will experience internal suffering from this. In addition, at a young age, if the dog is left alone even for a short time, and then you go home, then peeing can appear joyful. Actually, you can work with it.

For example, try not to show strong feelings and ignore the dog in general immediately after returning home, and only notice this when it is 5-10 minutes. Thus, you will not maintain the excessive affection of your pet, he will gradually learn to perceive what is happening more evenly. But you have to start from an early age.

English Springer Spaniel has a high level of energy and needs daily walks, physical activities, active games and an generally active pastime. Moreover, if you go with your dog to the park, you’d better keep it on a leash and leave it in a neatly fenced area.

Since, firstly, it is likely to hunt birds, because there is an instinct, and secondly, you can only go to hunt behind your vision ignoring commands, but also simply – to explore the world around, which is very attractive and wonderful. Pets can feel great both in a city apartment and in the yard of a private house, where he will feel very free.

However, the English Spanish Springer is not suitable for watchful jobs, because when strangers approach your home or fence, it certainly barks, but attacking intruders in the territory will not. Just because of humanity even if you need a reliable and serious monitor, we mean – dangerous for hackers, this breed should not be chosen.

Children are well received, especially if they grow up close to them. Other pets, such as cats, even Homsky or guinea pigs may be viewed favorably if they are taught to be around from an early age. You have high intelligence and are usually obedient.


Teaching the strain

The English Springer Spaniel has an excellent ability to learn, it needs training, and training. You can teach them a variety of commands, so your dog has a good memory and generally likes to learn and assimilate new knowledge.

Additionally, this is the inner pleasure of interacting with the owner, from encouragement and generally from working in pairs with a loved one. Lessons should be positive, without rudeness, you definitely need patience, sense of humor and a large number of good things and praise.


Care for the breed


The English Springer spaniel has a fairly long coat, which should be combed at least twice a week, and the best of the three. Claws are trimmed three times a month. Buy at least once a week or more. The ears are cleaned three times a week, and after a walk in the woods or the park, the Spaniard with his hanging ears usually collects all the dust and dirt, and the eyes are cleaned daily.


Diseases are common in the breed


Common diseases
Usually a healthy spring is the spaniel. When starting this breed – we should expect the following health problems to appear:

Hip dysplasia is a genetic disease.
Retinal dysplasia – a deformity of the retina in which the dog was born;
unable to;
Progressive retinal atrophy
Skin diseases – peeling, seborrhea, itching, dermatitis, accidental hair loss. There are genetics and other factors, such as allergies, that are linked to the development of skin diseases.
Ear infections – due to the Spanish Springer’s hanging ears, an English ear infection is often found.
Phosphofructokinase deficiency in some individuals has a genetic deficiency of this enzyme.